Population Aging

The range of demographic change is probably nowhere more diverse than among Pacific Rim economies. Japan has the oldest population in the world and its population number is declining. While Indonesia is one of the economies in the world with the youngest people and its population is increasing in numbers. China with its one-child-policy is facing a rapid aging of its population in the next 20-30 years. Also other Asian economies are facing a decline in fertility rates and its workforces are growing older. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States attracted a lot of young migrants that influenced the demographic change in the respective economies and their home economies as well. Over a period of six years APRU member universities have hosted five research symposiums on aging in the Asia-Pacific to discuss the impact of population aging and to share solutions from all other the Pacific Rim. In 2015 the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Aging Research and UNSW Australia implemented a new APRU Research Hub on Population aging to deepen the collaboration among junior and senior researchers on Aging in the Asia-Pacific. The hub was launched at the 2015 research symposium and a three year plan is now being implemented with the objective to share best practice and showcase research, to engage with governments and industry, and to stimulate new and relevant research collaborations.

Annual Workshop on Population Aging and the Chinese Economy

Annual Workshop on Population Aging and the Chinese Economy 
Australia-China Population Aging Research Hub in collaboration with the 

APRU Population Aging Research Hub 

This two-day workshop, on July 11-12, 2017, will bring together academic experts, policy makers, and industry practitioners to discuss demographic change in China and its implications for policy and business practice. The second day will focus on the research of young scholars working on this topic. 

 Day 1

Presentations by academic experts including a keynote presentation from Professor Nicholas Bar

Nicholas BarNicholas Barr FRSA has an MSc in Economics from the London School of Economics and a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a Fulbright Scholar. He is Professor of Public Economics at the London School of Economics, the author of numerous articles, and author or editor of over twenty books, including Pension Reform: A Short Guide (with Peter Diamond) (2010, also in Chinese and Spanish). The heart of his work is an exploration of how market failures can both explain and justify the existence of welfare states. He is a member of the Editorial Board of the International Social Security Review and an Associate Editor of CESifo Economic Studies, the Australian Economic Review and the Journal of the Economics of Aging

8th APRU Population Ageing Conference

October 11-13, 2017

Join us for the signature conference focusing on defining, measuring and improving resilience in older adults in the age of longevity!


The world is ageing. The number of people 65 and older is projected to triple by mid-century, from 531 million in 2010 to 1.5 billion in 2050.

By mid-century, most countries would be trading their young for the old as the share of their population that is 65 and older surpass those younger than 15. This demographic shift is accompanied by wider changes in the society including continuing low fertility rates, late marriages, preference for singlehood and migration amongst others.  

Academics and policy makers recognize the need for self-reliance of older adults as family sizes shrink and longer lives challenge financial and social adaptations. Successful adaptation to ageing requires the resilience of the individual, family, and society.  With this conference we aim to explore different ways of defining and measuring resilience as well as ways to enhance resilience at all levels including physical, psychological and social in older adults and their families.Innovative measures at the policy and programme levels will be featured.

APRU Research Experts say APEC Economies Must Build Educated and Mobile Workforces to Offset the Negative Impact of Aging Populations

(L-R) Rafal Chomik (Senior Research Fellow, CEPAR, UNSW Sydney) Christina Schönleber (Deputy Director (APRU International Secretariat)), John Piggot (Scientia Professor, Director, CEPAR, UNSW Sydney and APRU Population Ageing Research Hub Chair) and Albert Park (Professor of Economics, HKUST and APRU Population Ageing Research Steering Group Member).

Member economies of the APEC Forum need to do a lot more to promote economic growth to combat population ageing, according to a paper presented at the Workshop on the Development of an APEC Labor Mobility Framework in Nha Trang, Viet Nam on February 18.

Representatives from APEC member economies and global experts convened at the Workshop in Viet Nam to share views on the diverse factors which affect mobility of labor and skills in the region and to develop a way forward for the general APEC membership.

The report by APRU experts Rafal Chomik, John Piggott and Peter McDonald, which was commissioned by the Australian Government Department of Employment to APRU, aims to influence a regional framework on labor mobility issues. The report suggests that cooperation in migration policy, education, and technology transfer would allow emerging economies within APEC to increase rates of growth, countering the “headwinds” of population ageing.

7th APRU Research Symposium on Ageing in the Asia-Pacific

The 7th APRU Research Symposium on Ageing in the Asia-Pacific
November 6-8, 2016, Peking University, Beijing, China

The 7th APRU Population Ageing Symposium with the theme “Ageing Innovation and Sustainable Development” was held at Peking University (PKU) on 7- 8 November, 2016. Close to 100 delegates from more than 10 member economies attended featured keynote addresses, plenary sessions and doctoral students’ presentations. The event provided a forum for discussions and knowledge exchange on areas related to ageing in the Asia Pacific region such as ageing and innovation, ageing and development, technology on ageing and social work and health and care for the elderly.

The opening ceremony was chaired by Prof Chen Gong, Executive Deputy Director of the Institute of Population Research and Director of PKU Institute of Ageing Studies. Ms Zhou Manli, Deputy Director of the PKU International Office; Ms Christina Schönleber, Deputy Director of the APRU International Secretariat and Prof. Zheng Xiaoying, Director of the Population Research Institute of PKU delivered welcome remarks. 

Ageing2016 2
Opening speech by Ms Zheng Xiaoying

APRU Population Ageing Hub Workshop on Population Ageing and the Chinese Economy



Annual Workshop on Population Ageing and the Chinese Economy

Event Report

The second Annual Workshop on Population Ageing and the Chinese Economy, hosted jointly by the APRU Population Ageing Research Hub and the Australian-China Population Ageing Research Hub (both located in the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) at the University of New South Wales), took place on the 21st and 22nd of July 2016 on UNSW campus in Sydney. The workshop attracted 38 participants who came together for an exciting two-day program.

The first day of the workshop featured five presentations from renowned international experts and a lively roundtable discussion. The second day was reserved for presentations from nine PhD students or early career researchers from APRU universities in Australia and Asia, who presented their innovative projects and received feedback from the senior experts and other workshop participants in a collegial and constructive atmosphere. Generously-timed coffee and lunch breaks and a free workshop dinner on the evening of the first workshop day gave all participants ample opportunities to network and connect.

Screen_Shot_2016-08-30_at_3.jpgProfessor Albert Park delivers his keynote message

2015 APRU Ageing in the Asia-Pacific Research Symposium

Click here to view photos from the program. 
Click here to view presentations and papers.

UNSW Australia hosted the 2015 APRU Ageing in the Asia-Pacific Research Symposium from 27-29 September in Sydney, Australia. The sixth in APRU’s series of gerontology and ageing research symposiums, the event included 3 eminent keynote speakers: Philip O’Keefe, Lead Economist for Social Protection and Labour, East Asia and Pacific, The World Bank, Dr. James P. Smith, Chair in Labour Markets and Demographic Studies, RAND Corporation, and Scientia Professor Henry Brodaty, Director, Dementia Collaborative Research Centre, UNSW Australia.  

Les Field, Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research) & Vice-President of UNSW Australia welcomed delegates to the symposium and also hosted a Welcome Dinner on 28 September. Margaret Leong, Director (Secretariat) and Treasurer, APRU also gave participants an overview of the network and its strategic framework encompassing three thematic priorities during the Welcome Session.

The 2015 symposium showcased papers on topics such as population ageing, aged care, and elderly wellbeing, as well as concurrent sessions exploring economics and demographics, and physiological and biological aspects of population ageing. Doctoral students were also given a chance to present papers as well as take part in a poster session.  


Two Best Presenter Awards for PhD student participants were presented to Shang Wu (right in photo) from UNSW Australia (an APRU member) and Duong Van Tuyen (left in photo) from Taipei Medical University.


The Best Poster Presentation Award was presented to Xiaoyun Zhang, UNSW Australia for her presentation on “Female labour participation and informal care in China: Analysing the effects of new cooperative medical scheme”.


The event also saw the launch of the APRU Population Ageing Program Hub which is to be hosted by UNSW Australia and the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR). The APRU hub generated strong interest from participants and an advisory group has been formed to help steer the activities of the hub over the next three years.